A number of times I have received calls from a friend/relative or seen patients that are worried about their bleeding gum. Most often they have said it’s usually during brushing or flossing. While this may be a major pointer to your oral and systemic health, the most common causes are preventable and 100% reversible.
Gingivitis is the commonest cause of gum bleeding. It is a painless inflammation of the gums due to accumulation of tartar and cavity causing bacteria on your teeth causing bleeding during brushing and flossing. While the condition is often symptomless, it should not be ignored. Gingivitis if left untreated can progress to more critical oral conditions causing destruction of gum tissue and tooth loss. A thorough twice daily brushing and flossing with regular visit to the dentist for professional scaling and polishing can help keep this condition at bay.
Occasionally, one may injure the gums with coarse food but this would often not cause regular bleeding. Warm water and salt solution gaggle may help hasten the healing of traumatized gum.
Inhaled smoke during smoking can cause accumulation of irritating toxins around the gum and teeth and aggravate the gums to bleed also leaving stains on the teeth. Smokers may also have compromised immune system to properly fight infections in the mouth thereby increasing susceptibility to bleeding and other gum diseases. Regular ultrasonic scaling of the teeth is needed to remove stains and the gums will thank you if you quit smoking.
Additionally, hormonal imbalance during pregnancy have been said to increase gum bleeding and swelling amidst pregnant mothers. If you think your bleeding gum is as a result of pregnancy,ask your dentist on how to adjust your oral health routine.
Poor nutritional health and medications are other causes of bleeding gum. Though these may not be as common as the ones above, a regular visit at least once in 6 months can do a lot in identifying and correcting all of the causes and restore health.